Bile duct injuries during laparoscopic cholecystectomy remain a potentially devastating complications and are responsible for major 1 morbidity and prolonged hospitalization . Visual misperception, anatomical variations in the extrahepatic biliary tree, combined with inflammatory changes and surgeon inexperience in recognizing the 2 anatomy, are among the most common reasons for these injuries . Near-infrared Incisionless Fluorescent Cholangiography (NIFC) has been shown to improve the visualization and identification of the biliary structures compared to traditional white light.

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