Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing White Light With Near-Infrared Autofluorescence For Parathyroid Gland Identification During Total Thyroidectomy

Abstract BACKGROUND: Parathyroid glands are difficult to identify during total thyroidectomies, and accidental resection can lead to problematic postoperative hypocalcemia. Our main goals were to evaluate the effectiveness of using near-infrared light (NIRL) autofluorescence intraoperatively for parathyroid gland identification and to measure its impact on postoperative hypocalcemia incidence. STUDY DESIGN: Total thyroidectomies were performed on…

Randomized Trial Of Near-Infrared Incisionless Fluorescent Cholangiography

Abstract Background: Incisionless near-infrared fluorescent cholangiography (NIFC) is emerging as a promising tool to enhance the visualization of extrahepatic biliary structures during laparoscopic cholecystectomies. Methods: We conducted a single-blind, randomized, 2-arm trial comparing the efficacy of NIFC (n = 321) versus white light (WL) alone (n = 318) during laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Using the KARL STORZ Image1 S imaging system with OPAL1 technology…

Transanal Total Mesorectal Excision For Rectal Cancer With Indocyanine Green Fluorescence Angiography

Abstract BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of fluorescence angiography (FA) on any change in proximal resection margin and/or anastomotic leak (AL) following transanal total mesorectal excision (TaTME) for rectal cancer (RC). METHODS: This retrospective cohort study was conducted at two centers by three senior surgeons. Both institutions’ prospectively maintained…

Sensitivity And Specificity Of Indocyanine Green Near-Infrared Fluorescence Imaging In Detection Of Metastatic Lymph Nodes In Colorectal Cancer: Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis

Abstract This review aimed to determine the overall sensitivity and specificity of indocyanine green (ICG) near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence in sentinel lymph node (SLN) detection in Colorectal cancer (CRC). A systematic search in electronic databases was conducted. Twelve studies including 248 patients were reviewed. The median sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy rates were 73.7, 100, and 75.7.…

Indocyanine Green Fluorescence Imaging In Colorectal Surgery: Overview, Applications, And Future Directions.

Abstract Indocyanine green fluorescence imaging is a surgical tool with increasing applications in colorectal surgery. This tool has received acceptance in various surgical disciplines as a potential method to enhance surgical field visualisation, improve lymph node retrieval, and decrease the incidence of anastomotic leaks. In colorectal surgery specifically, small studies have shown that intraoperative fluorescence…

Clinical Role Of Fluorescence Imaging In Colorectal Surgery – A Review

Abstract Anastomotic leak (AL) after colorectal surgery is a devastating complication; decreased blood perfusion is an important risk factor. Surgeons rely on subjective measures to assess bowel perfusion. Fluorescence imaging (FI) with indocyanine green (ICG) provides a real-time objective assessment of intestinal perfusion. Areas covered: A PubMed search using the terms ‘fluorescence imaging’, ‘indocyanine green’,…

Routine Use Of Fluorescent Incisionless Cholangiography As A New Imaging Modality During Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy

Abstract BACKGROUND: Intraoperative incisionless fluorescent cholangiography (IOIFC) has been described to identify extrahepatic biliary anatomy. Potential advantages of the routine use of intraoperative incisionless fluorescent cholangiography were evaluated in a consecutive series of cases. METHODS: A total of 45 patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy between January and July 2013 were consented and included in this study.…