Rapid intraoperative perfusion assessment of parathyroid adenomas with ICG using a wide-field portable hand-held fluorescence imaging system

Abstract Background Fluorescence angiography (FA) using indocyanine green dye (ICG) has recently been introduced for real-time identification of parathyroid adenomas. However, time to peak fluorescence has not yet been critically evaluated. Methods This was a retrospective review of parathyroidectomies with ICG FA over a one-year period. Results There were 66 patients with average age of…